Patient Education

To help you understand and navigate through your orthopedic health decisions, we have created a patient education section. Please select from one of the categories below to learn more about your condition or procedure.
Injections for Pain Management

Injections are commonly used in the management and treatment of various musculoskeletal and neurological conditions. They can provide pain relief, reduce inflammation, and deliver medications directly to the affected area. Different types of injections are available, each tailored to specific conditions and patient needs.

Types of Injections

Corticosteroid Injections

  • Purpose: Reduce inflammation and provide pain relief.
  • Common Uses: Arthritis, bursitis, tendonitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, and spinal stenosis.
  • Procedure: A corticosteroid (e.g., cortisone) is injected into the affected joint, tendon, or area around the nerve.

Hyaluronic Acid Injections

  • Purpose: Lubricate and cushion joints.
  • Common Uses: Osteoarthritis, particularly in the knee.
  • Procedure: Hyaluronic acid, a substance naturally found in joint fluid, is injected into the joint to improve lubrication and reduce pain.

Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) Injections

  • Purpose: Promote healing of injured tissues.
  • Common Uses: Tendon injuries, ligament injuries, muscle injuries, and arthritis.
  • Procedure: Blood is drawn from the patient, processed to concentrate platelets, and then injected into the injured area.


  • Purpose: Stimulate healing and strengthen ligaments and tendons.
  • Common Uses: Chronic joint pain, back pain, and ligament or tendon injuries.
  • Procedure: A solution (often containing dextrose) is injected into the injured area to stimulate the body’s natural healing processes.

Botox (Botulinum Toxin) Injections

  • Purpose: Relax muscles and reduce spasticity or pain.
  • Common Uses: Muscle spasticity, chronic migraines, cervical dystonia, and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders.
  • Procedure: Botox is injected into specific muscles to block nerve signals and reduce muscle contractions.

Nerve Block Injections

  • Purpose: Provide pain relief by blocking nerve signals.
  • Common Uses: Chronic pain conditions, such as sciatica, complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), and peripheral neuropathy.
  • Procedure: An anesthetic or combination of anesthetic and steroid is injected near a specific nerve or group of nerves.

Epidural Steroid Injections

  • Purpose: Reduce inflammation and provide pain relief in the spinal area.
  • Common Uses: Sciatica, herniated discs, spinal stenosis, and chronic back pain.
  • Procedure: A corticosteroid and anesthetic are injected into the epidural space around the spinal cord.

Benefits of Injections

  • Targeted Pain Relief: Directly addresses the affected area, providing more effective pain relief.
  • Reduced Inflammation: Helps manage conditions involving inflammation, such as arthritis and bursitis.
  • Quick Relief: In many cases, injections provide faster relief compared to oral medications.
  • Minimally Invasive: Injections are less invasive than surgical options and can be performed in a clinical setting.

Risks & Complications

  • Infection: Risk of infection at the injection site.
  • Bleeding: Risk of bleeding, especially in patients on blood thinners.
  • Nerve Damage: Potential for nerve injury during the procedure.
  • Allergic Reactions: Rare allergic reactions to the injected substance.
  • Temporary Increase in Pain: Some patients may experience increased pain temporarily after the injection.
  • Limited Relief Duration: Injections may provide temporary relief, and repeated treatments may be necessary.

Recovery & Follow-Up

  • Immediate Care: Patients may need to rest and avoid strenuous activities for a short period after the injection.
  • Monitoring: Follow-up appointments to monitor the effectiveness of the injection and assess for any complications.
  • Physical Therapy: Often combined with physical therapy to improve outcomes and enhance recovery.
  • Activity Modification: Gradual return to normal activities, with modifications as needed to avoid exacerbating symptoms.


How long do the effects of corticosteroid injections last?
The effects can vary, lasting from several weeks to several months, depending on the condition and individual response.

Are hyaluronic acid injections only for knee osteoarthritis?
While commonly used for knee osteoarthritis, hyaluronic acid injections can also be used in other joints, such as the hip or shoulder.

Is PRP injection painful?
PRP injections may cause some discomfort, but it is generally well-tolerated. Pain levels can vary depending on the injection site and individual sensitivity.

How many prolotherapy sessions are typically needed?
The number of sessions varies based on the condition being treated and the patient’s response. Multiple sessions are often needed to achieve optimal results.

Can Botox injections be used for chronic pain conditions?
Yes, Botox injections are used to manage chronic pain conditions such as chronic migraines and muscle spasticity.

What should I expect after an epidural steroid injection?
You may experience some pain relief within a few days. It’s common to have some soreness at the injection site, but this typically resolves quickly.

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