Patient Education

To help you understand and navigate through your orthopedic health decisions, we have created a patient education section. Please select from one of the categories below to learn more about your condition or procedure.
Shoulder Joint Replacement

Shoulder joint replacement, also known as shoulder arthroplasty, is a surgical procedure in which the damaged parts of the shoulder joint are removed and replaced with artificial components called a prosthesis.

Types of Shoulder Replacements

Total Shoulder Replacement: This is the most common type where both the ball (head of the humerus bone) and the socket (glenoid) are replaced with prosthetic components – a metal ball and a plastic socket.

Hemiarthroplasty: Only the ball (head of the humerus) is replaced with a metal ball, while the socket remains intact. This is done when the socket has minimal damage.

Reverse Total Shoulder Replacement: Used for severe rotator cuff injuries or failed previous replacements. The ball and socket are reversed – the socket is replaced with a ball, and the upper humerus has a socket implanted.

Reasons for Shoulder Replacement

The main reasons for undergoing shoulder replacement include:

  • Severe arthritis (osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis) causing pain and limited mobility
  • Fractures or severe shoulder injuries
  • Rotator cuff tear arthropathy (severe rotator cuff tears with arthritis)


The damaged bone and cartilage are removed, and the prosthetic components are implanted using cement or a press-fit technique. The surgery typically takes 2-3 hours under anesthesia.


  • Physical therapy begins the day after surgery to regain range of motion and strength.
  • Full recovery: 2-6 months, with continued physical therapy
  • Potential complications: infection, nerve damage, dislocation, component loosening over time

Overall, shoulder replacement surgery is highly effective in relieving pain and restoring mobility for patients with severe shoulder joint damage, with a high satisfaction rate.

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