Patient Education

To help you understand and navigate through your orthopedic health decisions, we have created a patient education section. Please select from one of the categories below to learn more about your condition or procedure.
Minimally Invasive Total Hip Replacement

Minimally invasive total hip replacement (MIS THR) is a surgical procedure that involves replacing a damaged hip joint with a prosthetic implant through smaller incisions compared to traditional hip replacement surgery. This approach aims to reduce recovery time, minimize pain, and improve cosmetic outcomes while maintaining the effectiveness of the hip replacement.

Anatomy of the Hip

  • Femur (Thighbone): The upper part of the femur includes the femoral head, which fits into the acetabulum to form the hip joint.
  • Acetabulum: A socket in the pelvis where the femoral head sits, forming the hip joint.
  • Cartilage: Covers the surfaces of the femoral head and acetabulum, allowing smooth movement.
  • Ligaments and Muscles: Provide stability and facilitate movement of the hip joint.


  • Severe Hip Arthritis: Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or post-traumatic arthritis causing significant pain and disability.
  • Hip Fractures: Certain types of hip fractures that compromise joint function.
  • Avascular Necrosis: Death of bone tissue due to lack of blood supply.
  • Failed Previous Hip Surgery: Revision surgery for failed hip prostheses or other previous hip surgeries.

Advantages of Minimally Invasive Total Hip Replacement

  • Smaller Incisions: Typically 3-6 inches compared to 8-12 inches in traditional surgery.
  • Reduced Muscle Damage: Less disruption of muscles and tendons around the hip joint.
  • Less Blood Loss: Reduced blood loss during surgery.
  • Shorter Hospital Stay: Patients may go home within 1-2 days post-surgery.
  • Faster Recovery: Quicker return to normal activities and reduced rehabilitation time.
  • Less Pain: Reduced postoperative pain and need for pain medication.
  • Improved Cosmetic Outcome: Smaller scars and better cosmetic results.

Surgical Procedure

Preoperative Preparation:

  • Medical evaluation, including blood tests, imaging (X-rays, MRI), and consultation with the surgical team.
  • Discussion of risks, benefits, and expectations of the surgery.
  • Preoperative physical therapy to strengthen muscles around the hip.


  • General anesthesia or regional anesthesia (spinal or epidural) to numb the lower body.

Surgical Approach:

  • Anterior Approach: Incision made at the front of the hip.
  • Posterior Approach: Incision made at the back of the hip.
  • Lateral Approach: Incision made on the side of the hip.
  • The choice of approach depends on the surgeon’s preference and the patient’s anatomy.

Incision and Exposure:

  • A smaller incision is made, and muscles and tendons are carefully moved aside to access the hip joint.

Joint Replacement:

  • The damaged femoral head is removed, and the acetabulum is prepared.
  • The hip prosthesis, consisting of a femoral stem, a ball, and an acetabular cup, is implanted.


  • The incision is closed with sutures or staples, and a sterile dressing is applied.


Immediate Postoperative Care:

  • Hospital Stay: Typically 1-2 days.
  • Pain Management: Medications to control pain and inflammation.
  • Blood Clot Prevention: Blood thinners, compression devices, and early mobilization to prevent deep vein thrombosis (DVT).
  • Physical Therapy: Begin physical therapy as soon as possible to promote mobility and strength.

Long-Term Rehabilitation:

  • Physical Therapy: Continued exercises to restore strength, flexibility, and range of motion. Focus on walking, stair climbing, and other functional activities.
  • Weight Bearing: Gradual increase in weight-bearing activities as directed by the surgeon.
  • Activity Modification: Avoid high-impact activities and heavy lifting until fully healed.

Potential Complications:

  • Infection: Risk of infection at the surgical site.
  • Blood Clots: Risk of DVT or pulmonary embolism.
  • Dislocation: Risk of the hip joint dislocating.
  • Nerve or Blood Vessel Injury: Potential for injury during surgery.
  • Leg Length Discrepancy: Difference in leg lengths post-surgery.
  • Prosthesis Issues: Loosening, wear, or failure of the hip implant.

Outcomes and Prognosis:

  • Pain Relief: Significant reduction in pain for most patients.
  • Improved Function: Enhanced ability to perform daily activities and maintain an active lifestyle.
  • Long-Term Success: Most hip replacements last 15-20 years or more with proper care.


How long does the surgery take?
The procedure typically lasts 1-2 hours, but the total time in the operating room may be longer due to preparation and anesthesia.

When can I return to normal activities?
Most patients can return to light activities within 3-6 weeks and more strenuous activities within 3-6 months, depending on their recovery progress.

Will I need a walker or crutches after surgery?
Yes, initially, you will need a walker or crutches to aid in mobility and offload the operated leg.

How long will it take for the hip to heal?
Bone healing typically takes about 6-12 weeks, but full recovery, including return to normal activities, may take several months.

Are there alternatives to total hip replacement?
Alternatives include conservative treatments like medications, physical therapy, injections, or less invasive surgical options depending on the condition’s severity and the patient’s overall health.

To schedule an appointment:

To speak with a medical professional, call: