Patient Education

To help you understand and navigate through your orthopedic health decisions, we have created a patient education section. Please select from one of the categories below to learn more about your condition or procedure.
Ankle Replacement & Revisional Procedures

Ankle replacement and revisional procedures are surgical interventions aimed at treating severe ankle conditions, particularly arthritis, or addressing complications from previous ankle surgeries. These procedures are specialized surgeries that require careful planning and expertise. They offer significant benefits in terms of pain relief and improved function but come with the need for diligent post-operative care and rehabilitation. Here’s an overview of each:

Ankle Replacement (Total Ankle Arthroplasty)


  • To alleviate pain and restore function in a severely arthritic or damaged ankle joint.
  • Typically considered when non-surgical treatments (medications, physical therapy, bracing) fail to provide relief.


  • The damaged portions of the ankle joint are removed.
  • Prosthetic components made of metal and plastic are implanted to replace the natural joint surfaces.
  • The prosthesis allows for smoother joint movement, mimicking the natural biomechanics of the ankle.


  • Severe osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, or post-traumatic arthritis.
  • Chronic pain and disability affecting quality of life.
  • Patients who are not candidates for ankle fusion or prefer to maintain joint motion.


  • Hospital stay of a few days.
  • Initial immobilization followed by gradual weight-bearing and physical therapy.
  • Full recovery may take several months.

Revisional Procedures


  • To address complications or failures of previous ankle surgeries, including previous ankle replacements.
  • To correct issues like infection, loosening of the prosthetic components, or mechanical failure.

Types of Revisional Procedures:

  • Reoperation of Total Ankle Replacement: Revision of the prosthetic components if they fail or become loose.
  • Ankle Fusion (Arthrodesis): Sometimes used as a salvage procedure to fuse the ankle joint if replacement fails.
  • Osteotomy: Realignment of bones if there is malalignment or deformity affecting the function of the joint.
  • Debridement: Cleaning out of infected or necrotic tissue.


  • Persistent pain, instability, or deformity after an initial ankle replacement.
  • Infection around the prosthetic joint.
  • Mechanical failure or wear of the prosthesis.


  • Depending on the type of revisional procedure, recovery may vary.
  • May include extended periods of non-weight-bearing, use of assistive devices, and prolonged physical therapy.

Risks and Considerations:

  • Both procedures carry risks, such as infection, blood clots, nerve damage, and prosthesis-related issues.
  • Patient selection is crucial, considering factors like age, activity level, overall health, and expectations from surgery.

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