Patient Education

To help you understand and navigate through your orthopedic health decisions, we have created a patient education section. Please select from one of the categories below to learn more about your condition or procedure.
Minimally Invasive Total Knee Replacement

Minimally Invasive Total Knee Replacement (TKR) is a surgical procedure aimed at replacing a damaged knee joint with an artificial implant while minimizing disruption to surrounding tissues. This approach uses smaller incisions and specialized techniques compared to traditional knee replacement surgery, with the goal of reducing pain, speeding up recovery, and improving overall outcomes.

Procedure Overview

  • Incision: Unlike traditional TKR which may use a long incision (8-12 inches), minimally invasive TKR typically involves smaller incisions (3-6 inches) or even smaller in some cases.
  • Soft Tissue Preservation: Specialized instruments and techniques are used to maneuver around muscles and tendons instead of cutting through them. This minimizes damage to surrounding tissues.
  • Implant Placement: The damaged parts of the knee joint are removed and replaced with prosthetic components made of metal, plastic, or ceramic. These components replicate the natural function of the knee joint.
  • Closure: The incisions are closed with sutures or staples, and a sterile dressing is applied to protect the wound.


  • Faster Recovery: Patients often experience less pain and swelling, and can potentially recover more quickly compared to traditional surgery.
  • Reduced Blood Loss: Smaller incisions typically result in less blood loss during the procedure.
  • Less Muscle Damage: Preservation of muscles and tendons can lead to quicker recovery of strength and function.
  • Shorter Hospital Stay: Some patients may be eligible for outpatient or shorter hospital stays, depending on their overall health and recovery progress.


  • Skill and Experience: Minimally invasive TKR requires specialized training and experience from the surgical team.
  • Patient Selection: Not all patients are suitable candidates for minimally invasive TKR. Factors such as body weight, bone quality, and severity of knee damage play a role in determining candidacy.
  • Long-term Outcomes: While short-term benefits are promising, long-term outcomes and durability of implants are generally comparable to traditional TKR.

Potential Complications

  • Infection: Any surgical procedure carries a risk of infection, although strict sterile techniques are employed to minimize this risk.
  • Blood Clots: Blood clot formation (deep vein thrombosis) is a potential complication and preventive measures are taken.
  • Nerve or Blood Vessel Damage: Rare but possible, particularly in minimally invasive surgery due to the proximity of nerves and blood vessels.


  • Physical Therapy: Rehabilitation typically starts soon after surgery to improve strength, flexibility, and range of motion.
  • Home Exercises: Patients are often given exercises to perform at home to aid recovery and regain knee function.
  • Follow-up Care: Regular follow-up visits with the surgeon are essential to monitor progress, address concerns, and ensure proper healing.


Minimally Invasive Total Knee Replacement offers potential benefits in terms of reduced pain, quicker recovery, and less disruption to surrounding tissues compared to traditional surgery. However, it requires careful patient selection and skilled surgical technique. For personalized advice and to determine if you are a candidate for this procedure, consult with an orthopedic surgeon who specializes in joint replacement. They can provide comprehensive information based on your specific condition and needs.


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