Patient Education

To help you understand and navigate through your orthopedic health decisions, we have created a patient education section. Please select from one of the categories below to learn more about your condition or procedure.
Knee Exercises

For individuals with specific knee conditions or recent injuries, it’s essential to consult with a healthcare provider or physical therapist before starting a new exercise program. They can provide personalized guidance and ensure exercises are safe and effective for your individual needs and goals. Regular exercise, when done correctly, can help improve knee strength, flexibility, and overall function, contributing to better joint health and mobility over time.

Knee exercises are important for strengthening the muscles around the knee joint, improving flexibility, and supporting overall knee health. Whether you’re recovering from an injury, managing chronic knee conditions like osteoarthritis, or simply aiming to maintain knee strength, here are some effective exercises categorized by their focus:

Quadriceps Strengthening

Straight Leg Raises:

  • How to: Lie on your back with one leg straight and the other bent. Lift the straight leg up to the level of the bent knee, then lower it back down slowly.
  • Benefits: Targets the quadriceps muscles without stressing the knee joint.

Terminal Knee Extensions:

  • How to: Sit on a chair with your back straight. Place a small rolled towel under your knee. Straighten your knee by lifting your foot off the ground, hold briefly, then lower slowly.
  • Benefits: Strengthens the quadriceps while focusing on knee extension.

Hamstring Strengthening

Hamstring Curls:

  • How to: Stand with a chair in front for balance. Bend your knee and bring your heel towards your buttocks, hold briefly, then lower slowly.
  • Benefits: Targets the hamstring muscles which support knee flexion.

Calf Strengthening

Calf Raises:

  • How to: Stand with feet hip-width apart. Rise up onto your toes, hold briefly, then lower back down slowly.
  • Benefits: Strengthens the calf muscles which help stabilize the knee during walking and other activities.

Range of Motion & Flexibility

Knee Flexion and Extension Stretch:

  • How to: Sit on the edge of a chair. Slowly slide your foot back until you feel a stretch in the front of your knee (knee extension stretch). Then, bring your foot up towards your buttocks to stretch the hamstring (knee flexion stretch).
  • Benefits: Improves flexibility and range of motion in the knee joint.

Balance & Stability

Single Leg Balance:

  • How to: Stand on one leg while holding onto a stable surface for balance if needed. Hold for 20-30 seconds, then switch legs.
  • Benefits: Improves proprioception and balance, which can help prevent falls and injury.

Aerobic Conditioning (Low-Impact)

Walking or Swimming:

  • How to: Engage in low-impact activities like brisk walking or swimming to improve cardiovascular fitness without stressing the knees.
  • Benefits: Promotes overall knee health and supports weight management, reducing stress on the joints.

Tips for Safe Exercise

  • Start Slowly: Begin with low-intensity exercises and gradually increase intensity and duration as your strength improves.
  • Proper Form: Focus on proper technique to avoid placing undue stress on the knees.
  • Warm-up and Cool Down: Always warm up before exercise with light activities like walking, and cool down with stretching to prevent injury.

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